I was given a quick reference guide when I started dressmaking class.
Typing this out will help me remember the definitions.
Hope other beginners find this helpful :)
Backtacking - Reverse sewing at the beginning or end of a seam for reinforcement.
Bagging - A method of joining facings and linings to the outer fabric of a garment by sewing them together face to face in the form of a bag and then turning the garment to the right side.
Balance Marks - Notches, nicks, thread in garment parts which help to preserve the balance of the garment by serving as guides during assembly.
Bar Tacking - A reinforcement by means of repeated stitching used in clothing at points of strain e.g. belt loops, zips, pocket corners, buttonholes, etc.
Bias - An oblique direction to warp and weft. The true bias is at an angle of 45º from both warp and weft.
Blind Stitch - A stitch either by hand or machine which does not go right through the fabric.
Bobbin Thread - Thread wound onto the bobbin in the base of the machine.
Buttonhole - The hole through which a button is passed to hold the garment in the correct position.
Facing - Inner layer of fabric in a garment.
Interfacing - Layer of fabric inserted between the inner and outer fabrics. Fusible interfacing adheres with heat and pressure.
Knit (Interlock) - Non woven fabric designed to stretch and constructed by plain and purl stitches, e.g. t-shirt fabric, track suiting etc.
Nap - Directional fabric in pile or pattern, e.g. velvet, corduroy, etc.
Notions - Items required to finish the garment, e.g. thread, elastic, zip, lace, etc.
Overlock - Machine method of neatening raw edges. Also known as serge.
Selvedge (Selvage) - the self-edge - the sides which do not fray.
Serge - See overlock.
Spool - Thread at the top of machine.
Weave - Weft and warp threads woven together to make fabric.
Monday, 7 November 2011
Terms and Definitions
Posted by Neeno at Monday, November 07, 2011 Labels: Backtacking, Bagging, Bar Tacking, Bias, Blind Stitch, Bobbin Thread, Buttonhole, Facing, Interfacing, Knit, Nap, Notions, Overlocker, Selvedge, Selvege, Serge, Spool, Tutorials, Weave
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